Special Workshop


The Restraint Reduction Network : Mandatory standards for training in using restraint, focusing on reduction, prevention, and safe management.


Friday 25 October (3 hours in total)
Part (1): 14.00 –15.30
Part (2): 16.00 – 17.30

Sarah Leitch (UK) &
Kevin McKenna (Ireland)


There will be a special workshop organized and carried out through a partnership of BILD, RRN & ENTMA about the draft RRN mandatory standards for training in using restraint, focusing on reduction, prevention, and safe management. Ethical training standards to protect human rights and minimise restrictive practices.

There has universal concern consistently expressed for many years regarding the structure and content of training in the prevention and management of aggression and/or violence provided to personnel across health, social care and education services.

Central to these concerns are the paucity of evidence underpinning the content, safety and effectiveness of such training, and the virtual absence of standards and quality assurance governing the provision of training.

In response to these concerns, a major improvement was undertaken in the UK, driven by government policy, which has resulted in the production by the ‘Restraint Reduction Network ’ of mandatory standards which are formally sanctioned by government and will govern the future provision of aggression prevention and management training. Specifically, from April 2020, it will be mandatory for any and all training provided within any UK NHS facility, or those receiving NHS funding, to adhere to these standards.

Within the UK this is by far the most ambitious initiative ever undertaken to standardise such training, and is unparalleled at this time within an international context.


The workshop will place particular emphasis of facilitating active participant engagement, in identifying existing good practice, and potential improvements in this complex subject area. Specifically, this highly interactive workshop, will:

  • present the RRN standards, discuss their development, and some of the challenges involved in implementing a reform of training provision of this magnitude
  • present the experiences of the first training providers to pilot implementation of the standards
  • discuss the challenges involved in conducting a robust service specific training needs analysis, involving service users in training delivery, and implementing a programme of effective post incident recovery and learning

Participants will have the opportunity to:

  • discuss these opportunities and challenges from their own national and service related perspectives, and explore the role of training in driving and/or supporting the required cultural change necessary to effectively implement restraint reduction approaches.
  • have the opportunity to use a standardised self-assessment tool to objectively assess their current training provision, and a ‘training impact tool’ which might inform how changes in staff practices following training might be reliably measured.






Oud Consultancy - Amsterdam - The Netherlands -